In recent weeks, the world has been shocked by the news of the emergence of a new strain of Covid-19 or coronavirus that originated in the Chinese city of Wuhan, and which has now infected more than 130K across the globe. The numbers of infected people tend to multiply by 2-3 times from the base weekly counts (in the case of PH cases).
“Total Cases” = total cumulative count (134,818). This figure, therefore, includes deaths and recovered or discharged patients (cases with an outcome).
Source: Worldometer – www.worldometers.info
Proper awareness, preparation, and a strategic approach need to be implemented amongst ourselves. The better we understand the essential theorems behind the Corona Virus or Covid-19, the better approach and measures we can take.
Disclaimer: This content is lengthy as we summarize validated pieces of information available and we made sure to include all the important details that need not be missed out. In addition, all data sources are slated at the end of this article.
First things first, What Are
COVID-19 typically causes flu-like symptoms including fever and cough.
In some patients – particularly the elderly and others with other chronic health conditions – these symptoms can develop into pneumonia, with chest tightness, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
- Start with a fever (98.6%), followed by a dry cough (59.4%).
- After a week, it can lead to shortness of breath.
- Fatigue (69.6%) and joint pains
**** “%” Findings from the Wang et al study published on JAMA and based on 138 hospitalized patients
Who are at High Risk?
- => 60 years of age
- Those with “Pre-existing Conditions” by w/c puts them at a higher risk than everyone else.
- cardiovascular disease
- chronic respiratory disease
How Long Does the Coronavirus Last on Surfaces?
- Three (3) hours later in the air
- up to four (4) hours on copper
- up to 24 hours on cardboard
- and up to two to three (3) days on plastic and stainless steel.
source: NY times
There are three main categories of people considered to be close contacts of COVID-19 patients
- Those who directly interact with COVID-19 patients without using proper protective equipment (PPE)
- People with confirmed or suspected COVID-19, including persons under investigation, who do not need to be hospitalized and who can receive care at home (see Interim Guidance for Implementing Home Care of People Not Requiring Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19))
- People with confirmed COVID-19, who were hospitalized and then determined to be medically stable to go home (see Interim Guidance for Implementing Home Care of People Not Requiring Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19));
What’s your call to action?
The basic PPE to be worn around COVID-19 patients are face masks, especially when entering and staying in the same room. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also points out that disposable gloves must be used “when you touch or have contact with the patient’s blood, stool, or body fluids, such as saliva, sputum, nasal mucus, vomit, urine.”
sick with COVID-19, it is still recommended that people sick with COVID-19 limit contact with animals until more information is known about the virus. When possible, have another member of your household care for your animals while you are sick. If you are sick with COVID-19, avoid contact with your pet, including petting, snuggling, being kissed or licked, and sharing food. If you must care for your pet or be around animals while you are sick, wash your hands before and after you interact with pets and wear a facemask. See COVID-19 and Animals for more information.
Call ahead before visiting your doctor
If you have a medical appointment, call the healthcare provider and tell them that you have or may have COVID-19. This will help the healthcare provider’s office take steps to keep other people from getting infected or exposed.
Wear a facemask
You should wear a facemask when you are around other people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) or even pets and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office.
Please be mindful and make sure to cover your coughs and sneezes
We’ve witnessed a number of people who aren’t mindful of this. We were at the grocery store last night and at least 3 people openly cough without covering their mouths. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw used tissues in a lined trash can. Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or, if soap and water are not available, clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
Avoid sharing personal household items
For the interim, start segregating your daily household items i.e spoon/Fork, cups, beddings, etc.
Clean all “high-touch” surfaces every day
High touch surfaces include counters, tabletops, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, phones, keyboards, tablets, and bedside tables. Also, clean any surfaces that may have blood, stool, or body fluids on them. Use a household cleaning spray or wipe, according to the label instructions.
Monitor your symptoms
Seek prompt medical attention if your illness is worsening (e.g., difficulty breathing). Before seeking care, call your healthcare provider and tell them that you have, or are being evaluated for, COVID-19. Put on a facemask before you enter the facility.
Discontinuing home isolation
Patients with confirmed COVID-19 should remain under home isolation precautions until the risk of secondary transmission to others is thought to below.
This is a hard battle, but it can be fought- IF WE ALL WORK TOGETHER.
Recovery rate is at a benchmark percentage of => 95%
80% of cases are mild
Based on all 72,314 cases of COVID-19 confirmed, suspected, and asymptomatic cases in China as of February 11, a paper by the Chinese CCDC released on February 17 and published in the Chinese Journal of Epidemiology has found that:
- 80.9% of infections are mild (with flu-like symptoms) and can recover at home.
- 13.8% are severe, developing severe diseases including pneumonia and shortness of breath.
- 4.7% as critical and can include respiratory failure, septic shock, and multi-organ failure.
- in about 2% of reported cases, the virus is fatal.
- The risk of death increases the older you are.
- Relatively few cases are seen among children.
Flatten The Curve
The immediate and most effective course of action is to practice Social Distancing
canceling mass gatherings, working from home, self-quarantine, self-isolation, avoiding crowds — to keep the virus from spreading fast.
Epidemiologists call this strategy of preventing a huge spike in cases “flattening the curve,” and it looks like this
“Even if you don’t reduce total cases, slowing down the rate of an epidemic can be critical,” wrote Carl Bergstrom, a biologist at the University of Washington in a Twitter thread praising the graphic, which was first created by the CDC, adapted by consultant Drew Harris, and popularized by the Economist. The chart has since gone viral with the help of the hashtag #FlattenTheCurve.
Our #FlattenTheCurve graphic is now up on @Wikipedia with proper attribution & a CC-BY-SA licence. Please share far & wide and translate it into any language you can! Details in the thread below. #Covid_19 #COVID2019 #COVID19 #coronavirus Thanks to @XTOTL & @TheSpinoffTV pic.twitter.com/BQop7yWu1Q
— Dr Siouxsie Wiles (@SiouxsieW) March 10, 2020
All of us has a responsibility to help protect not just ourselves but to our wider community as well, by staying informed, taking our own precautions, practising good hygiene and upping our immune system.
Remember that prevention is an endeavor that can only succeed with a society-wide effort. Again, please practice Social Distancing and let’s do our share to Flatten The Curve.
Stay strong everyone. Lets all hope and act towards fighting this pandemic. May God bless us all. Here are 10 THINGS YOU CAN DO DURING THE METRO MANILA LOCKDOWN
Check out the live analytics counter for monitored cased across all countries HERE.
- Symptoms of Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) – United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
- Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients With 2019 Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia in Wuhan, China – JAMA, Wang et al., February 7, 2020
- Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China – Huang et al., The Lancet. January 24, 2020
- Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study – Chen et al, The Lancet, January 30, 2020
- Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) [Pdf] – World Health Organization, Feb. 28, 2020
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